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   $location as xs:string,
   [$options as (element()|map:map)?]
) as empty-sequence()


Inserts a new document with the specified URI. If a document already exists at the URI, the function replaces the content in the existing document as an update operation.

$location The location of the input document. If the scheme of the location is HTTP (that is, if the string starts with "http://"), then the document is requested over HTTP. If the scheme is file (that is, if the string starts with "file://"), then the document is requested over file protocol from the local filesystem. Otherwise, the document is fetched from the local filesystem. On the filesystem, the path can be fully qualifed or relative. Relative pathnames are resolved from the directory in which MarkLogic Server is installed.

The options node for this load operation. The default value is (). The node for the xdmp:document-load options must be in the xdmp:document-load namespace. This parameter can also include option elements in the xdmp:http namespace for the HTTP parameters.

The xdmp:document-load options include:


The URI of the document to be loaded. If omitted, then the location is used for the URI.


Security permission corresponding to the permissions for the document. If not supplied, the current user's default permissions are applied. The default value used for $permissions can be obtained by calling xdmp:default-permissions() . A document that is created by a non-admin user (that is, by any user who does not have the admin role) must have at least one update permission, otherwise the creation will throw an XDMP-MUSTHAVEUPDATE exception.


The collection URIs for collections to which this document belongs. If not supplied, the document is added to the current user's default collections (the collections returned from xdmp:default-collections() ). For each collection that is protected, the user must have permissions to update that collection or have the any-collection privilege. For each unprotected collection, the user must have the unprotected-collections privilege.

The <collections> element consists of one or more <collection> child elements. For example:



The quality of this document. A positive value increases the relevance score of the document in text search functions. The converse is true for a negative value. The default value is 0.


(XML only) The namespace to use if there is no namespace at the root node of the document. The default value is "".


A value of full specifies that malformed XML content be repaired. A value of none specifies that malformed XML content is rejected.

If no repair option is explicitly specified, the default is implicitly specified by the XQuery version of the caller. In XQuery 1.0 and 1.0-ml the default is none. In XQuery 0.9-ml the default is full.

This option has no effect on binary, text or JSON documents.


A value of text specifies to get the document as a text document, regardless of the URI specified. A value of binary specifies to get the document as a binary document, regardless of the URI specified. A value of xml specifies to get the document as an XML document, regardless of the URI specified. A value of json specifies to get the document as a JSON document, regardless of the URI specified.


The language to specify in an xml:lang attribute on the root element node if the root element node does not already have an xml:lang attribute. This option applies only to XML documents. If this option is not specified, then nothing is added to the root element node.


Specifies the ID of the forest in which this document is inserted. Each forest ID is in a <forest> child element and is of type xs:unsignedLong. . If the document already exists in the database, it will remain in its existing forest. If no such forest exists or if no such forest is attached to the context database, an error is raised. If multiple forests are specified, the document is inserted into one of the specifed forests. If the document already exists and the forest in which it is stored is set to delete-only, then you must specify the forest IDs to include one or more forests that allow updates, otherwise an exception is thrown.

If you have local disk failover enabled, specify the ID of the master forest. In the event of a failover, MarkLogic server will automatically redirect documents to the replica forest. Specify the ID of the replica forest will result in a "forest not in database" error.


Specifies key-value pairs representing certain metadata associated with the document. The value of the metadata element is a serialized map:map.

Required Privileges


If a new document is inserted, you also need the unprotected-uri privilege (only if the URI is not protected), the any-uri privilege, or an appropriate URI privilege.

If adding an unprotected collection to a document, the unprotected-collections privilege (http://marklogic.com/xdmp/privileges/unprotected-collections) is needed; if adding a protected collection, the user must have either permissions to update the collection or the any-collection privilege (http://marklogic.com/xdmp/privileges/any-collection).

Usage Notes

When selecting documents over HTTP (where the $location parameter begins with http://), the response from the webserver is loaded into the database, regardless of what the headers returned from the webserver indicate. For example, if the webserver returns a 404 (file not found), then the response page that says "file not found" is loaded into the database. If you want to examine the headers before loading the document, use xdmp:http-get (combined with xdmp:document-insert ) instead, as xdmp:http-get allows you to examine the headers returned from the HTTP server.


    <options xmlns="xdmp:document-load">

=> Loads the document with a URI "/documents/myFile.xml"
   and does not perform tag repair during the load.


    <options xmlns="xdmp:document-load"
        map:map() => map:with("h", "hello")
                  => map:with("w", "world")

=> Loads the document with a URI "/documents/myFile.xml"
   from the server http://myCompany.com, sending the
   credentials user/pass. Tag repair is not performed
   during the load, the document is loaded as xml with
   metadata key-value pairs of 'h:hello' and 'w:world'.


(: Using a map to expression options, rather than an XML element. :)
  map:map() => map:with("uri", "/documents/myFiles.xml")
            => map:with("permissions", xdmp:default-permissions())
            => map:with("collections", ("myCollection1", "myCollection2"))
            => map:with("repair", "full")
            => map:with("forests", (xdmp:forest("myForest")))

=> Loads the document with a URI "/documents/myFile.xml"
   performing tag repair during the load, adding the
   document to the "myCollection1" and "myCollection2"
   collections, and loading the document into the forest
   named "myForest".


  • can we load multiple documents in a local directory using xdmp:document-load? i know that we can use MLCP for bulk loading but is it possible in using XQUERY
    • xdmp:document-load() will not read multiple files at once. However, you can use xdmp:filesystem-directory() to get a listing of files and then call xdmp:document-load for each of them. I would definitely prefer using MLCP to this approach if there are a lot of files to load, but for a smaller number this should be fine.
  • Why oh why is the relative file location relative to the MarkLogic installation folder? The current xquery script file would be so much more convenient ...
    • Because it wouldn't be useful or consistent. To execute a 'current xquery script' it needs to be in the Modules database or directory. If its in the Modules DB then there is no 'current directory' for the xquery except the Database, which isn't a filesystem so document-load wouldn't work at all. If its in the filesystem then it would depend on which App Server you were running, and if the code is in an included module or not, and its associated Modules Root setting to determine the source file and the default destination URI. The server's install directory is one of the few consistent paths that is unlikely to change over time or differ between runtime contexts. Use xdmp:modules-root() to explicitly locate filesystem based xquery files.
  • Tip: If the first argument is "rest::" then the document will be streamed directly from the PUT or POST request body.  See Modules/MarkLogic/rest-api/models/document-model-update.xqy.
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