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   $uri as String,
   $root as Node,
   [$permissions as Object[]],
   [$collections as String[]],
   [$quality as xs.int?],
   [$forest-ids as String[]]
) as null


Inserts a new document into the database if a document with the specified URI does not already exist. If a document already exists at the specified URI, the function replaces the content of the existing document with the specified content (the $root parameter) as an update operation. In addition to replacing the content, xdmp:document-insert replaces any permissions, collections, and quality with the ones specified (or with the default values for these parameters, if not explicitly specified). Also, if a properties document exists at the same URI, that properties document (including any content it contains) is preserved.

$uri The URI of the document to be inserted.
$root The root node. The root node can be one of JSON format, XML format, binary (BLOB) format, or text (CLOB) format.
$permissions Security permission objects corresponding to the permissions for the document. If not supplied, the current user's default permissions are applied. The default value used for $permissions can be obtained by calling xdmp.defaultPermissions(). A document that is created by a non-admin user (that is, by any user who does not have the admin role) must have at least one update permission, otherwise the creation will throw an XDMP-MUSTHAVEUPDATE exception.
$collections The collection URIs for collections to which this document belongs. If not supplied, the document is added to the current user's default collections. For each collection that is protected, the user must have permissions to update that collection or have the any-collection privilege. For each unprotected collection, the user must have the unprotected-collections privilege. The default value used for $collections can be obtained by calling xdmp:default-collections().
$quality The quality of this document. A positive value increases the relevance score of the document in text search functions. The converse is true for a negative value. The default value is 0.
$forest-ids Specifies the ID of the forest in which this document is inserted. If the document already exists in the database and if $forest-ids is not specified, it will remain in its existing forest. If no such forest exists or if no such forest is attached to the context database, an error is raised. If multiple forests are specified, the document is inserted into one of the specifed forests. If the document exists and the forest in which it is stored is set to delete-only, then you must set $forest-ids to include one or more forests that allow updates, otherwise an exception is thrown.

If you have local disk failover enabled, specify the ID of the master forest. In the event of a failover, MarkLogic server will automatically redirect documents to the replica forest. Specify the ID of the replica forest will result in a "forest not in database" error.

Required Privileges

If a new document is inserted, the unprotected-uri privilege (only if the URI is not protected), the any-uri privilege, or an appropriate URI privilege is also needed. If adding an unprotected collection to a document, the unprotected-collections privilege is needed; if adding a protected collection, the user must have either permissions to update the collection or the any-collection privilege.


       "/example.json", {"a":"aaa"},
       [xdmp.permission("editor", "read"),
        xdmp.permission("editor", "update")],




//   Specify the forest IDs to move a delete-only document
//   from one forest to another (assuming at least one of
//   the forests allows updates).
         {"foo":"new content here"}, null, null, 0,
         xdmp.databaseForests(xdmp.database()) )


// create a text document 
var textNode = new NodeBuilder();
textNode.addText("This is a text document");
textNode = textNode.toNode(); 
xdmp.documentInsert("/text-doc.txt", textNode);


  • Missing a good example. inserting a single document with a complete set of non-dynamic options. For example: xdmp.documentInsert('/docroot/', 'doc.json', null, ["reference/application"], null, null);
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