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   query as cts.query?,
   [options as String[]],
   [quality-weight as Number?],
   [forest-ids as (Number|String)[]]
) as Sequence


Returns a relevance-ordered sequence of nodes specified by a given query.

query A cts.query specifying the search to perform. If a string is entered, the string is treated as a cts.wordQuery of the specified string.
options Options to this search. The default is ().

Options include:


A filtered search (the default). Filtered searches eliminate any false-positive matches and properly resolve cases where there are multiple candidate matches within the same fragment. Filtered search results fully satisfy the specified cts.query.


An unfiltered search. An unfiltered search selects fragments from the indexes that are candidates to satisfy the specified cts.query and returns the fragments or associated documents if there is fragmentation. Unfiltered searches are useful because of the performance they afford when jumping deep into the result set (for example, when paginating a long result set and jumping to the 1,000,000th result). However, depending on the cts.query specified, the structure of the documents in the database, and the configuration of the database, unfiltered searches may yield false-positive results being included in the search results. Unfiltered searches may also result in missed matches or in incorrect matches, especially when there may be negated false positives.


Compute scores using the logtfidf method (the default scoring method). This uses the formula:

  log(term frequency) * (inverse document frequency)


Compute scores using the logtf method. This does not take into account how many documents have the term and uses the formula:

  log(term frequency)


Compute scores using the simple method. The score-simple method gives a score of 8*weight for each matching term in the cts.query expression, and then scales the score up by multiplying by 256. It does not matter how many times a given term matches (that is, the term frequency does not matter); each match contributes 8*weight to the score. For example, the following query (assume the default weight of 1) would give a score of 8*256=2048 for any fragment with one or more matches for "hello", a score of 16*256=4096 for any fragment that also has one or more matches for "goodbye", or a score of zero for fragments that have no matches for either term:

  cts:or-query(("hello", "goodbye"))


Compute scores using the random method. The score-random method gives a random value to the score. You can use this to randomly choose fragments matching a query.


Compute all scores as zero. When combined with a quality weight of zero, this is the fastest consistent scoring method.


Word positions are checked (the default) when resolving the query. Checked searches eliminate false-positive matches for phrases during the index resolution phase of search processing.


Word positions are not checked when resolving the query. Unchecked searches do not take into account word positions and can lead to false-positive matches during the index resolution phase of search processing. This setting is useful for debugging, but not recommended for normal use.

If too much memory is needed to perform positions calculations to check whether a document matches a query, return an XDMP-TOOMANYPOSITIONS error, instead of accepting the document as a match.

Do a little more work to save faceting information about fragments matching this search so that calculating facets will be faster.


Do not save faceting information about fragments matching this search.


Collect relevance score computation details with which you can generate a trace report using cts.relevanceInfo. Collecting this information is costly and will significantly slow down your search, so you should only use it when using cts.relevanceInfo to tune a query.


Limit the search to documents in document format specified by FORMAT (binary, json, text, or xml)

Search from any fragment.
Search from document fragments.
Search only from properties fragments.
search only from locks fragments.
cts:order Specification

A sequence of cts.order specifications. The order is evaluated in the order each appears in the sequence. Default: (cts:score-order("descending"),cts:document-order("ascending")). The sequence typically consists of one or more of: cts:index-order, cts:score-order, cts:confidence-order, cts:fitness-order, cts:quality-order, cts:document-order, cts:unordered. When using cts:index-order, there must be a range index defined on the index(es) specified by the cts:reference specification (for example, cts:element-reference.)

quality-weight A document quality weight to use when computing scores. The default is 1.0.
forest-ids A sequence of IDs of forests to which the search will be constrained. An empty sequence means to search all forests in the database. The default is (). In the XQuery version, you can use cts:search with this parameter and an empty cts:and-query to specify a forest-specific XPath statement (see the third example below). If you use this to constrain an XPath to one or more forests, you should set the quality-weight to zero to keep the XPath document order.

Usage Notes

Each node that cts.search returns has a score with which it is associated. To access the score, use the cts.score function. The nodes are returned in relevance order (most relevant to least relevant), where more relevant nodes have a higher score.

Only one of the "filtered" or "unfiltered" options may be specified in the options parameter. If neither "filtered" nor "unfiltered", is specified then the default is "filtered".

Only one of the "score-logtfidf", "score-logtf", "score-simple", "score-random", or "score-zero" options may be specified in the options parameter. If none of "score-logtfidf", "score-logtf", "score-simple", "score-random", or "score-zero" are specified, then the default is "score-logtfidf".

Only one of the "checked" or "unchecked" options may be specified in the options parameter. If the neither "checked" nor "unchecked" are specified, then the default is "checked".

Only one of the "faceted" or "unfaceted" options may be specified in the options parameter. If the neither "faceted" nor "unfaceted" are specified, then the default is "unfaceted".

If the cts:query specified is the empty string (equivalent to cts.wordQuery("")), then the search returns an empty Iterator.

Only one of "any", "document", "properties", or "locks" may be specified in the options parameter. If none of "any", "document", "properties", or "locks" are specified and there is a $query parameter, then the default is "document". If there is no $query parameter then the default is "any".

With the cts.indexOrder parameter, results with no comparable index value are always returned at the end of the ordered result sequence.


cts.search(cts.wordQuery("with flowers"));

 => ... an Iterator of any node containing the phrase 'with flowers'.


fn.subsequence(cts.search(cts.wordQuery("with flowers")), 1, 10);

 => ... an Iterator of the first 10 nodes containing the phrase 'with flowers'.


    cts.search("hello", ["unfiltered",
     cts.indexOrder(cts.elementReference(fn.QName("", "Title")))
    ] ), 1, 10);
=> Returns the first 10 documents with the word "hello", unfiltered,
   ordered by the range index on the element "Title".  An element
   range index on Title is required for this search, otherwise it
   throws an exception.

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